Anxiety: A Very Short Introduction - Daniel Freeman, Jason Freeman 2012

Anxiety: A Very Short Introduction - Daniel Freeman, Jason Freeman 2012


What is anxiety?

A (very) brief history of anxiety

Anxiety is an emotion

Anxiety and evolution: fight or flight

The three-systems theory of anxiety

Definitions of anxiety

Theories of anxiety

Psychoanalytic theories of anxiety

Behavioural theories of anxiety

Cognitive theories of anxiety

Neurobiological theories of anxiety

Nature or nurture?

The genetic perspective

The environmental perspective

Michael Palin and Graham Taylor: Everyday anxiety and how to cope with it

Anxiety as a performer

Anxiety in managing a team


What are phobias?

How common are phobias?

What causes phobias?

Social phobia

What is social phobia?

How common is social phobia?

What causes social phobia?

The psychology of social phobia

Panic disorder

What is panic?

How common is panic disorder?

What causes panic?

Generalized anxiety disorder

What is generalized anxiety disorder?

How common is GAD?

What causes GAD?

Theories of worry

Biological perspectives on GAD

Social perspectives on GAD

Obsessive-compulsive disorder

What is obsessive-compulsive disorder?

How common is OCD?

What causes OCD?

Post-traumatic stress disorder

What is post-traumatic stress disorder?

How common is PTSD?

What causes PTSD?


What works?

What treatments are people receiving?


Cognitive behaviour therapy

CBT for phobias

CBT for post-traumatic stress disorder

Virtual-reality CBT

Self-help CBT



Self-assessment questionnaires and further information

Appendix acknowledgements