5 Scientific Foundations of Psychology
STEP 4 Review the Knowledge You Need to Score High
Another research method, the case study method, is an in-depth examination of a specific group or single person that typically includes interviews, observations, and test scores. The intensive description and analysis of the small group or individual is especially useful for understanding complex or rare phenomena. For example, case studies done on patients with gunshot wounds to the head enabled scientists to better understand how the loss of brain tissue affected specific aspects of behavior. Case studies have enabled us to better understand a wide range of topics, from how the brain processes information to autism. Clinical psychologists frequently do case studies.