AQA A-level Psychology: Revision Made Easy - Jean-Marc Lawton 2017

AQA A-level Psychology: Revision Made Easy - Jean-Marc Lawton 2017

Social influence

Types of conformity

Explanations for conformity

Variables affecting conformity

Conformity to social roles

Obedience and the work of Milgram

Explanations for obedience

Situational variables affecting obedience

The dispositional explanation of the authoritarian personality (AP)

Explanations of resistance to social influence

Minority influence

The role of social influence processes in social change


The multi-store model (MSM)

The working memory model (WMM)

Types of long-term memory (LTM)

Explanations for forgetting

Factors affecting the accuracy of eyewitness testimony (EWT)

Improving the accuracy of eyewitness testimony (EWT)


Caregiver—infant interactions in humans

Stages of attachment development

The role of the father

Animal studies of attachment

Explanations of attachment

Ainsworth’s ’Strange Situation’

Bowlby’s maternal deprivation hypothesis (MDH) (1951)

The influence of early attachment on childhood and adult relationships


Definitions of abnormality: deviation from social norms

Definitions of abnormality: failure to function adequately

Definitions of abnormality: deviation from ideal mental health

Definitions of abnormality: statistical infrequency

Characteristics of phobias, depression and OCD

The behavioural approach to explaining and treating phobias

The cognitive approach to explaining and treating depression

The biological approach to explaining and treating OCD


The behaviourist approach

The origins of psychology and the cognitive approach

The biological approach

The psychodynamic approach

The humanistic approach

Comparison of approaches


The nervous system and neurons

The influence of biochemistry on behaviour

Localisation of function in the brain

Split brain surgery and plasticity and functional recovery of the brain after trauma

Ways of studying the brain

Biological rhythms

Research methods

Experimental method and design

Non-experimental methods and design

Aims, hypotheses, operationalisation of variables, demand characteristics and pilot studies

Sampling and ethical issues

Observational design and questionnaire and interview construction

Reliability and validity

Features of science

Reporting psychological investigations

Quantitative and qualitative data

Presentation and display of quantitative data; distributions

Inferential testing

Issues and debates

Gender and culture in psychology

Free will and determinism

The nature—nurture debate

Holism and reductionism

Idiographic and nomothetic approaches to psychological investigation

Ethical implications of research studies and theory


The evolutionary explanation for partner preferences

Factors affecting attraction in romantic relationships

Theories of romantic relationships

Virtual relationships in social media

Parasocial relationships


Sex and gender

The role of chromosomes and hormones

Cognitive explanations for gender development

Psychodynamic explanation for gender development

Social learning theory as applied to gender development

Atypical gender development

Cognition and development

Piaget’s theory of cognitive development

Vygotsky’s theory of cognitive development

Baillargeon’s explanation of early infant abilities

The development of social cognition

The role of the mirror neuron system in social cognition


Classification of schizophrenia

Biological explanations for schizophrenia

Psychological explanations for schizophrenia

Therapies for the treatment of schizophrenia

The importance of the interactionist approach in explaining and treating schizophrenia

Eating behaviour

Explanations for food preferences

Neural and hormonal mechanisms involved in the control of eating behaviour

Explanations for anorexia nervosa

Explanations for obesity


The physiology of stress

The role of stress in illness

Sources and physiological measures of stress

Individual differences in stress

Managing and coping with stress


Neural and hormonal mechanisms in aggression

The ethological and evolutionary explanations for aggression

Social psychological explanations for human aggression

Institutional aggression in the context of prisons

Media influences on aggression

Forensic psychology

Problems in defining crime

Offender profiling

Biological explanations for offending behaviour

Psychological explanations for offending behaviour

Dealing with offending behaviour


Describing addiction and risk factors in the development of addiction

Explanations for nicotine addiction

Explanations for gambling addiction

Reducing addiction

The application of theories of behaviour change to addictive behaviour

Revision and exam skills


Exam skills

Question practice: selection questions

Question practice: short-answer questions

Question practice: application questions

Question practice: research methods questions

Question practice: research study questions

Question practice: essays and longer-answer questions